Investigating the variability in climate, with analogies to random tosses of dice, has a long history, and not always considered in the correct way. C. F. Marvin, former chief of the US Weather Bureau, can be seen using such random methods in this article from Popular Science 1932 page 46. Describing this methods a bit more, this newspaper article from 1931 begins with an especially lyrical view of his work :
I think here one should read "random" for "fortuitous". The article's final question is the title of a paper by Marvin the appeared in December 1930 Monthly Weather Review (pdf). In that paper he uses such random methods to simulate graphs of precipitation and compares the results to actual records questioning "who could pick out the natural from the chance order"?Common dice, inventions of the ancients and purveyors of financial distress to unlucky moderns, have risen to a new dignity. After having been rolled in many places, ranging from the cobblestones of side streets to the green covered tables in palaces of chance, they are now being tossed with analytical earnestness by the hands of science.In this new field the "galloping dominoes" are being used as a means of increasing man's working knowledge of the weather and its pranks. The greenback and silver involved when glassy eyed gamblers seek to get something for nothing are supplanted by graphs and slide rules in this new environment, where scientists seek the answer to the high sounding question, "Are meteorological sequences fortuitous?"